Inheritance of Fusarium wilt and Qualitative and Quantitative Characters in Chilli (Capsicum Annuum L)
D.G. Manu, B.V. Tembhurne, B. Kisan, D.S. Aswathnarayana; J.R.Diwan

Inheritance of resistance to Fusarium wilt was studied by using three crosses viz., SNK x P3, JAJPUT x P3 and KA2 x P3 to initiate the breeding programme so, as to minimize the chemical fungicidal sprays on the crop. Study on Inheritance of resistance to Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium solani is conditioned by a single dominant gene. The inheritance of anther, pollen, fruit colour and fruit direction was also controlled by single dominant gene except style colour which was controlled by complementary genes. The estimates of scaling tests along with gene effects based on six parameter models for the cross, detected the presence of additive and dominance gene effect for fruit length, additive gene effect for fruit weight but there were no gene effects found for fruit diameter. In addition to this fruit length exhibited predominance of additive x additive gene effects. Hence, the breeding method used to exploit additive gene action, such as simple selection technique or hybridization followed by pedigree breeding method is suggested for improvement of these traits.

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