Analysis of Ten Years Surveil of Industrial Fisheries in Senegal, 1998-2007
Farokh NIASS, Adama FAYE

The present study makes the current situation of the surveillance (supervision) of fisheries in Senegal. So, it allows measuring the impact of the implementation of the Vessels Monitoring System (VMS) in the strategies of inspection and control. The state of exploitation of the resources appears through the reduction in the landings, what denotes of a pressure supported on the main stocks exploited by the small-scale fishing and the industrial fishing boat. This reduction requires the implementation of various strategies regarding management and regarding development of the resources. The fisheries surveillance appears in this respect as a tool working to the correct application of laws and regulations governing the activities of fishing. So, during the decade 1998-2007, period when this study was confined, the exploitation of the boardings database allowed to determine the evolution of the noticed breaches, which will have to serve as medium to judge the options and the strategies of control. On the basis of statistical tools, satisfactory results were obtained in consideration of the objectives of departure. From the interpretation and the discussion of the results ensue the necessity of strengthening and even of perpetuating the VMS which, coupled with the other systems of inspection would act as transverse solution to the troubles of the surveillance. This is consolidated by its positive impacts from the point of view of the optimization of the means of surveillance, of its efficiency through the targeting of the inspections and finally its dissuasive effect with an almost permanent follow-up. However, the fisheries surveillance calls on to a conjugation of efforts in the scale subregional even worldwide for a long-lasting management of the resources.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jaes.v6n1a1