Effect of Substrate Weight Variation and Spawn Method in Production of White Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus Ostreatus)
Agus Sugianto, Anis Sholihah, Abdul Qodir Djaelani, Priyagung Hartono

The aim of this research was to obtain a bag log size of white mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) capable of producing optimal fruit body with a relatively short time and high Biological Efficiency (BE) value. The study was conducted from February to October 2017. The design of the study used a Completely Randomized Design with two factors. The first factor is the mushroom spawn method (M) consisting of 2 (two) levels which include: m1 = Direct Eksplan Planting (DEP); and m2 = Pure Mycelium Culture (PMC). The second factor is the weight of the substrate (B) consisting of 4 (four) levels which include: b1 = 1.0 Kg; b2 = 1.5 Kg; b3 = 2.0 Kg; b4 = 2.5 Kg. The conclusion (1). The pattern of growth of white oyster mushroom mycelium is best to use the seeds of DEP method with weight of 1 Kg Substrate in 5 weeks long mycelium able to cover bag-log. (2). Production of white oyster mushroom is best using a combination of spawning method of DEP or PMC with a weight of 1.0 kg substrate indicated by Biological Efficiency value of 63.1%.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jaes.v7n2a8