Household Vulnerability on Food Security in Niger
Abdoul Azizou OUMAROU DAN-BAKI, Mahaman Laouan ABOUBE, Abdoul Bassidou MAHAMAN YAOU

This article studies the households’ vulnerability on food insecurity. It makes possible to see the determinants of vulnerability to food insecurity in Niger. On the other hand to find the opportunity for reinforce the households’ resilience vis-a-vis this shortage. The study uses the linear regression model (OLS), inspired by the study made by Randriamiandrisoa and Ballet in 2014. The data are from the agricultural ministry (ECVM/A 2015) and the sample size is 9,354 households on national areas except Agadez region. Variables such as: number of land parcels, number of animals, own production, sale of land, sales of assets, secondary activity, sale of animals, migration, number of children aged from 5 to 10 and gender of the household’s head, are the households’ resilience factors in food insecurity. On the other hand, variables such as shock, off farm labor, number of children aged below five, are households’ vulnerability factors. The study shows that the households of Niger are vulnerable to food insecurity. To reduce this vulnerability, it is significant to stress the households’ characteristics which make them resilient. For that, the government must ensure a permanent follow to predict the risk of insecurity and to limit its consequences of food insecurity.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jaes.v8n1a4