Evaluation of Genetic Diversity in West Java Local “Muli” Banana Cultivars (Musa acuminate cola) using Morphological Traits*
Ismail, A, N. Wicaksana, M. Rachmadi, W. Ali Qosim

West Java is one of the provinces that there is diversity of genotypes of banana were quite high. One banana is currently unknown genetic diversity information in West Java, namely Musa acuminata Colla var. Muli. Based on several studies in Indonesia and the world are not known for research on Musa acuminata Colla var. Muli. Though Musa acuminata Colla var. Muli has many benefits including: a good source of energy, contain minerals, vitamins, iron, Fe, and can be considered as a functional food because it has a resistant starch. The purpose of this study was to identify of Musa acuminata Colla var. Muli based on agronomic and morphological characters in three ecosystems in West Java. The study was conducted using a survey method and exploration conducted in several areas in West Java (Sukabumi, Cianjur, Garut, Ciamis, Banjar, Tasikmalaya, Pangandaran, Purwakarta, Sumedang, and Bandung Barat) from November 2018 to April 2019. Results of the study are West Java has a high level of biodiversity in agro-ecosystems crop Musa acuminata Colla var. muli. Most characters contribute to variation with the value of the main component i.e. number of fruits, number of bunch, fruit length (cm), peduncle colour, male bud size (cm), bract apex shape, dan fruit shape (longitudinal curvature) The accessions from Cianjur 6, Tasikmalaya 4, West Bandung 3, Purwakarta 4, Sumedang 5, and West Bandung 2, are separate groups from other groups. The accession group has a different appearance compared to other accessions.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jaes.v8n2a4